Emission model for shipping and rail
Transport & Mobility Leuven has developed a tool that is able to calculate emissions from rail, inland shipping and maritime shipping for Flanders.
EMMOSS was developed for the VMM to determine emissions caused by railway, inland waterways and seagoing vessels, for transport of people as well as goods on Flemish territory. For seagoing vessels this concerns not only emissions at sea but also in harbour emissions (caused by ships manoeuvring or at berth). The emissions of ships in ports have a substantial share in total emissions of maritime transport for Flanders, with important harbours like Ghent, Antwerp and Zeebrugge. The model is used to make a yearly inventory of emissions and to simulate scenarios, taking into account the technological evolutions within the different transport modes.
|MIRA External Costs||Internalization of external costs in Flanders|
|Internalisation of External Costs of Transport in Flanders||Update 2016|
|Emissions of Inland Waterways||Local measures to reduce emissions of inland waterways|
|Iron Rhine||Belgium wants to reactivate the Iron Rhine (railway line for freight transport between Antwerp - Weert - Roermond - Duisburg) that has been out of service for a while|
|ETS Flemish Ports||The implementation of international transport in the European emission trading scheme: 'completing modalities from the perspective of Flemish ports'|
|EMMOSS Model||Flemish emission model for inland shipping, maritime transport and rail|
|MIRA-S 2009||Evolution of emissions of inland waterway, rail, air and maritime transport|